European type

The emphasis on the strong role of the Czech Republic in economic and political issues does not refer to the accent on sovereignty and the rejecting of further supranational integration or further shifting of sovereignty towards the EU. The significant feature is the need to constitute such a position that the Czech Republic will be an equal partner not because of the blackmail potential but due to its abilities. There is an evident difference here from the homogenization type that puts the emphasis on both state and strong sovereignty. This is a pragmatic policy to avoid influence loss and at the same time to maintain a strong state position.

The EU category covers the party support for political cooperation and the emphasis on economic integration. All manifestos positively refer to the Euro-zone entry and realize the fundamental political and economic integration shift. In the case of the Euro zone, the possibility to accept the common currency is the basic example of economic integration (economic gains) and deeper political integration (sovereignty shift).

The last category is the negative attitude to the commercialization of the society. The parties do not use the term “nation” but rather use aversion to the commercialization of the traditional way of life and values. The common feature of the manifestos is the emphasis on developing a state identity in a globalized world. Surprisingly, the category is constituted by conservative parties and social democracy.