the parties of this group and their manifestos barely refer to the nation and other issues connected with cultural differentiation among citizens. They did not differentiate between the majority and minority rights and cultural heritage. However, the parties belonging to this group stressed in their manifestos the independence of the country, the need for responsibility and scepticism when it comes to international cooperation. This tension between the liberal approach towards issues of identities in combination with scepticism in foreign policy gives the name to this category.
The parties of the liberal-sceptic group do not explicitly tackle the concept of the nation. They do not consider ethnically defined nations to be of any importance in politics. Instead the four manifestos of this group addressed their messages to citizens of Slovakia without regard to their mother tongue, cultural background or ancestry. The political program and policies they proposed are designed to serve the country and its population rather than any specifically defined group within its borders. Of course there are references to national culture or cultural heritage, however these are used specifically in connection with support for Slovak arts and cultural institutions. Moreover wherever there is a statement regarding Slovak national culture there is also a complementary passage describing support for minority culture and art.
In accordance with their rejection of the nationalist discourse and their embracing of a liberal and pragmatic approach, the liberal-sceptic manifestos addressed the problems that Roma communities are facing. Parties proposed measures which aim to integrate the Roma communities into Slovak society. This integration was understood in terms of social inclusion rather than cultural assimilation. In this respect all three parties are loyal to their liberal approach.
The manifestos of the liberal- sceptic approach tend to support human and minority rights and the values of tolerance and equality. At the same time, all three parties in this group stressed responsibility as another highly important value. All these values are considered to be part of the common European heritage and all three parties were in their respective manifestos stressing that Slovakia is part of the wider European community of countries which share this heritage