People’s Party – Movement for a Democratic Slovakia (Ľudová strana – Hnutie za demokratické Slovensko ĽS-HZDS)

ĽS-HZDS was formed in April 1991 afer the internal conflict in the senior coalition party Public against Violence. The chairmanship of the party withdrew its popular Prime Minister Vladimír Mečiar from office. As a consequence Mečiar and his followers left VPN and formed the new party ĽS-HZDS. Mečiar has been the one and only chairman of the party since then. In the subsequent general election, ĽS-HZDS won with the landslide support of 37 % of voters. Due to the electoral system it took almost half of the seats in the National Council.Between the years 1992 and 1994 many prominent figures left ĽSHZDS, mostly because of the political style of its chairman Mečiar. However, none of  these  defections  harmed  ĽS-HZDS  considerably and it managed to win the next elections. In 1994 ĽS-HZDS formed its second government and Vladimír Mečiar already his third. In the following years the coalition of ĽS-HZDS, SNS and the small Union of the Workers of Slovakia ruled Slovakia in a way which was considered by many to be authoritative and Mečiar was accused of misuse of state power to curb the democratic process and of the attempt to influence elections. 

  2009 2014
Elections gains
Votes 8.98% 1.73%
Seats 1 0

Election manifesto 2006

The national principle in the 2006 manifesto was clearly understood as the primacy of the Slovak national interest, which however should be followed in a manner in accordance with European standards of protection for ethnic minorities. In this regard, it is very interesting to note the connection made by the manifesto between support for minority cultures in Slovakia and support provided for Slovak communities in foreign countries. In the words used in its manifesto of 2006, ĽS-HZDS would propose the monitoring and solidarization of the symmetric development of both minorities in Slovakia and Slovak minorities abroad. It entails that a higher level of minority protection is in some way dependent upon the level of protection which is received by Slovak minorities in the countries. In this respect we can in practice see a symbiosis of the national and civic principle: the European standard of minority rights protection should be guaranteed by Slovakia to its minorities, yet higher standards should be earned. A significant part of the manifesto is dedicated to the so-called “Roma problem”. Issues concerning the living conditions of the Roma people were understood primarily as a social problem and due to this characterisation social programs were supposed to solve the problem. In this respect all the relevant tools proposed by the manifesto focused on education, employment and small entrepreneurship of the Roma people, and there is no cultural or traditional reference.To sum up, the ĽS-HZDS manifesto for the general election of 2006 was dedicated to tolerance, openness and minority protection. These values were understood as basic European values which should be observed when dealing with minorities.

Election manifesto 2010

The national principle in the 2006 manifesto was clearly understood as the primacy of the Slovak national interest, which however should be followed in a manner in accordance with European standards of protection for ethnic minorities. In this regard, it is very interesting to note the connection made by the manifesto between support for minority cultures in Slovakia and support provided for Slovak communities in foreign countries. In the words used in its manifesto of 2006, ĽS-HZDS would propose the monitoring and solidarization of the symmetric development of both minorities in Slovakia and Slovak minorities abroad. This entails that a higher level of minority protection is in some way dependent upon the level of protection which is received by Slovak minorities in the countries. In this respect we can in practice see a symbiosis of the national and civic principle: the European standard of minority rights protection should be guaranteed by Slovakia to its minorities, yet higher standards should be earned. A significant part of the manifesto is dedicated to the so-called “Roma problem”. Issues concerning the living conditions of the Roma people were understood primarily as a social problem and due to this characterisation social programs were supposed to solve the problem. In this respect all the relevant tools proposed by the manifesto focused on education, employment and small entrepreneurship of the Roma people, and there is no cultural or traditional reference.To sum up, the ĽS-HZDS manifesto for the general election of 2006 was dedicated to tolerance, openness and minority protection. These values were understood as basic European values which should be observed when dealing with minorities.

In 2010 ĽS-HZDS stressed the need for the defence of Slovakia, but in principle it stuck to its understanding of the nation and its relation to the state and minorities from its 2006 election manifesto. ĽS-HZDS’s program of 2010 aimed at two main objectives. First, it wanted to cut the political connection between the Hungarian minority in Slovakia and Hungary because it was this connection which was  perceived  as  a  threat  to  the integrity  of  Slovakia.  Second,  the manifesto called for the integration of the Slovak nation in order to solidify the Slovak character of the Slovak Republic. This accords with the policy of the control of the Roma population and its integration into Slovak society. In this respect, a major role is played by language and cultural policies.

Election manifesto 2012

The main message that gives the 2013 manifesto is the support of national culture and historical heritage. According to the manifesto, the Slovak language should be the main communication language in Slovakia regardless of national minorities living in the country. However, the language of national minority can be used only if the national minority overcomes 20 % of resident population.The Christianity plays important role in the party manifesto. The legacy of Cyril and Method should have a greater impact on the society. The culture serves as an identification toll with Slovak history and keeps folklore habit still alive among the people. In this sense, state should support artists that develop Slovak history and Slovak based art. Contrary to the previous manifestos, manifesto stresses other policy issues poorly. Focusing on role of culture, the manifesto is ordered to the cultural nationalist type.